Presence Country
Special Report

Nigeria Market Monitoring Bulletin

December 2017

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Elevated Risk of Famine - Phase 5 cannot be confirmed nor disproven with available evidence
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

In June 2016, FEWS NET released an alert describing the national and regional implications of declining global crude oil prices on the Nigerian economy and subsequent currency depreciation since 2015. Within the context of this national economic shock, more than 3 million people in Northeast Nigeria already face significant food insecurity due to the Boko-Haram conflict. The Nigeria Market Monitoring Bulletin provides a summary of emerging market trends in Nigeria and the broader region. 

Key Messages

  • Recent increases in crude oil production and export prices have supported oil revenues. This recovery in oil export revenues and resulting increase in foreign exchange reserves, coupled with relatively stable inflation are helping to gradually drive Nigeria’s economy out of recession.

  • The gap between the official inter-bank and the parallel Bureau de Change exchange rates continues to narrow, contributing to relatively stable prices on the national level. Ongoing harvests have also impacted general food prices.

  • In general, main staple prices are lower across most markets relative to recent months and the last year. However, prices remain higher than average across most markets and for most commodities. Observed staple food prices are higher in the northeast relative to other areas of the country.

  • Prices of millet and sorghum, the major staples traded along the Nigeria-Niger border markets, are relatively less expensive in Kano-Dawanau market, the major regional collection point for traders from Niger. Thus, with a stable Naira (NGN) and in the absence of any increased restrictions on grain exports, traders from Nigeria will likely export their commodities to Niger in the coming months.

  • As the harvests continue, market supply and households’ food stocks will continue to increase. Prices will decline further for most staple food items, but will remain above the five-year average. Staple food prices will remain relatively high across northeast Nigeria throughout the consumption year due to below-average local harvests, movement restrictions along key marketing corridors, high transaction costs, and below-normal market functioning in certain areas.

  • Traders’ reported capacity to respond to increased demand varies by market. Most traders in the northeast report only having the capacity to absorb a 25 percent increase in demand. Any scale-up of humanitarian cash-based transfer (CBT) interventions should be partial and gradual.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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